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Sinus lift, also called sinus augmentation, is a surgery that adds bone to your upper jaw to make your molars and premolar region higher. The bone is inserted between your jaw and the maxillary sinuses, which are located on both sides of Decapitated nose. To make room for the bone, the sinus membrane needs to be moved upwards, that is, "lifted". Sinus lifting is usually performed by an oral and/or maxillofacial surgeon.

Sinus lifting is performed when there is not enough bone in the upper jaw for the placement of dental implants or when the sinuses are too close to the jaw.

Could Be A Few Reasons For This;

Many people who have lost teeth in their upper jaw - especially the back teeth or molars - do not have enough bone for implants to be placed. Due to the anatomy of the skull, there are fewer bones in the posterior part of the upper jaw than in the lower jaw.

The bone may have been lost due to periodontal or gum disease. After the teeth are gone, the bone begins to melt if the teeth have been missing for a long time, usually there is not enough bone left to place the implants.

The maxillary sinus may be too close to the upper jaw for implants to be placed. The shape and size of this sinus varies from person to person. In addition, the sinus can enlarge as you get older.

Sinus lifting is a common dental procedure, as more and more people are having dental implants to replace missing teeth. The procedure, in most cases, can be performed simultaneously while the implant is being placed, followed by a recovery period of 6-9 months to allow the artificial bone to transform into natural bone before the final restoration, that is, the crown can be done. It is placed on the implant and abutment.

There are 2 methods of performing this surgery, depending on the condition and bone tissue:

Open sinus lifting.
Closed sinus lifting.

The task of both methods is to raise the base of the maxillary sinus and fill the cavity with bone material that will help form its own bone tissue. 

What are the differences between closed and open sinus lifting?

The Operation of Open Sinus Lifting

It is the classic method that dentists use the most. All of the open sinus lifting surgery takes place under local anesthesia, after the introduction, the gum is cut from the side of the upper jaw and pushed aside, and an introduction is made on the bone from the sinus area. Then the doctor comes through this hole to the mucous membrane lining the sinus inside, it is also called the Schneider membrane. Then, using special surgical instruments, the dentist carefully removes the sinus mucosa so as not to damage the Schneider membrane and pours bone material there. When the procedure is completed, the wound is sutured and it will be necessary to wait about 4-6 months for the bone tissue to form completely, and then the implant will be inserted.

Closed Sinus Lifting Operation

The closed sinus lifting technique is less traumatic because there is no need to make special incisions in the gums. With the help of special surgical instruments, the doctor removes the Schneider membrane creates an airbag inside that prevents rupture, and then fills the resulting cavity with bone material.

The biggest plus of closed sinus lifting is that if your initial bone volume is 3-4 mm, the implant can be installed on the same day immediately after the augmentation surgery. In addition, the closed sinus lifting application, unlike the open one, does not leave bruises and swelling, and the healing process is generally much easier and faster.

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